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Gender Involving with crime in Bangladesh

Criminal statistics consistently report a far higher prevalence of offending amongst males than females. Again, this varies by type of offence, so whilst the vast majority of burglaries, robberies and violent crimes are committed by men, gender differences are less marked for theft and fraud. There are a number of possible reasons for this. One is that gender differences in offending reflect constitutional differences between males and females. This is more likely to be the case for personal and violent crimes where gender differences are most marked. However, an alternative possibility is that gender differences in criminal behavior reflect differences in the socialization of men and women. Box (1983) found that criminality in women correlated with the degree of female subordination and powerlessness within society. It could be that societies, which stress a more ‘traditional’ female role, restrict the opportunities available to women to become involved in criminal activity. It is likely that biology and socialization interact in complex ways to produce gender difference in violent crimes. However, the reduced gender differences for non-violent crimes such cheque fraud suggest a social, rather than biological explanation. It seems probable that women have fewer opportunities to commit certain types of crime, as they are less likely to become involved in criminal subcultures and gangs. The social explanation is further supported by the observation that gender differences in crime have been narrowing for some time.
However, when criminal statistics are used in assessing the “true” incidence of criminality, criticism about the methods of collecting criminal statistics may indeed be valid as pointed out in Sutherland and Cressey (1974). Police, court, and prison statistics may be published by the agency, which collects them, or they may be reported to a central state, which organizes, combines, and publishes the statistics from many agencies.