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Causes of Inflammation

1. Mechanical injury: mechanical trauma.
2. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites.
3. Ischemia: cause by reducing cellular oxygen supplies.
4. Chemical injury: glucose or salt in hypertonic or hypotonic concentration.
5. Extremes of temperature: e.g. burns or deep cold.
6. Radiation: e.g. UV light.
7. immune mechanisms: e.g. autoimmune dieses
8. imbalances: protein calories deficiency.
9. Genetic derangement: alteration at the level of DNA.
10. Injury associated with necrosis.
Inflammation is a conservative process modified by whatever produces the reaction, but it should not be confused with infection; the two are relatively different condition, although one may arise from the other.
Inflammation can affect organs as part of an autoimmune disorder. The types of symptoms depend on which organs are affected. For example:
Inflammation of the heart (myocarditis) may cause shortness of breath or fluid retention.
Inflammation of the small tubes that transport air to the lungs may cause an asthma attack.
Inflammation of the kidneys (nephritis) may cause high blood pressure or kidney failure.
Inflammation of the large intestine (colitis) may cause cramps and diarrhea.