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Factors Contributing to Migration-Economic Liberalization

The trade and investment climate has sustained the flow of migrants. Higher demand for labour in the developed economies and availability of labour in underdeveloped economies has set global migration in motion. The huge global labour market has offered employers the chance to hire migrant workers as part of their cost minimization strategies.
Moreover, globalization with its associated forces has increased the mobility of labour across borders. It has already reinforced the movement of skilled workers. Multinational corporations favour the movement of labour, specially highly skilled labour. Faced with acute labour shortages, the industries of developed countries are evaluating migration policies and are showing preference for a relatively flexible mechanism. American and European service industries in particular have been pushing for a liberal policy for movement of labour as service providers, especially in the hotel and restaurant, software insurance and financial industries.