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Program and policy of Government of Bangladesh

Education is the most vital factor for human and social development. In the book Evaluation of women decade (neelima Ibrahim-1985) mentions that due to economic, social and others internal factor, in our country most of the women are dependent on men. This dependency make them subordinate. Only education can make them free from subordination. During the UN decade for women, Bangladesh Government has been taken steps to integrate women in development. In this book sultana Islam in the article says that education is necessary for women, because while having good ideas, understanding to a new class of progressive society women education is need for the purpose of Moral standards of a societyRaising the general cultural stargazes of nation.

Education of girls is now fully recognized as essential to national Development.

In the book published by women for women entitle “Education and gender Equity perspective Bangladesh” mentions the overall situation of women’s education in Bangladesh. In the first chapter of this book it is discuses that constitution of Bangladesh has agreed introduce primary education free and compulsory. Education policy of Bangladesh Government is also discussed here.In the early time at primary level drop out rate of girls was very high. Because poverty, purda, secondary position of girls in the family and society and overall patriarchal attitude in the society generally perceive women as mother and wife. Social taboos and attitude towards women till now fail to understand the necessity to establish a gender equality in the society. But since the liberation war Bangladesh Government emphasizes on women’s education in every five year plan. The first five year plan acknowledged education as basic right of all citizens. The Bangladesh Education commission in 1974 recommended compulsory free educations for all up to class eight, and in primary and secondary school emphasis was giving on women appointment as teacher. In second five year plan an attempt was made to introduce universal primary education by the year 1985 and 46% of the total budget was selected for education sector. It also emphasized on to reduce discrimination between male, female education. Inspire of such efforts their enrolment rate did not increase significantly. The aim of third five-year plan was to reduce discrimination between boys and girls The fourth five year plan emphasized on compulsory primary education, to creat equal educational opportunities both in rural and urban areas,to introduce free education for girls up to class VIII. After forth five year plan government of Bangladesh declared Education for All. For this purpose priority has been accorded to primary education. In 1992 govt. of Bangladesh created primary and mass education division to ensure Education For All. In 1993 food for education programme is designed to attract the poverty stricken families to sent their children to school. In 1997 fifth five year plan adopted an ambitious objective to achieve the goal if education for all to increase net enrolment in primary school 95% by the year 2002. It also set up some important objectives of mass education consistent will the overall objectives of achieving the goal of Education for All and fulfilling the educational needs of 30 million adult illiterate.

The theme of these book is that when dropout rate of girl students in primary school was decreasing then in secondary school was increasing because of early marriage, illiteracy of their parents, poverty.Again parents felt less interest to send their daughter to school. In higher schools number of female students were very lower.

Last chapter discusses about women’s present situation in education. It discusses that though third five year plan intended to introduce technical education at least one school in each district but women’s are deprived. Since men have much wider employment opportunities even with general education but women mostly remain unemployed.

Shafia Ahmed in her article Education and Women’s Advancement emphasizes on women’s education for development.It is mentioned that unless we crate positive opportunities for woman’s education we cannot expect the proper implementation of women’s development. In 1997 separately National Education Policy was made. For women, National Education policy is important but it does not say anything about the nature of education and curriculum that will help to minimize the gender discrimination. It emphasizes on to take steps to decrease the dropout rate of female children, and vocational training for women.