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Bidwell’s analysis of American education

The most perspective use of organizational concepts has born made by Bidwell (1956) who suggested that there were four major organizational attributes of the North American School system. Two are characteristics of the personal the arrangements of pupils into age –grade chohorts and the contractual hiring of its staff members as trained and licensed professionals. The third is its special combination of bureaucracy and structural loosencess. Finally, he saw that the dual responsibilities of its officers to a clliontolo and to a public constituency imposes a series of prescriptions and proscriptions upon the actions of teachers Bidwell begins his analysis with the proposition that schools are client –serving institution. He takes this into account by distinguishing between students an staff roles within the organization. The students role is a recruitment one and compulsory. The third characteristic of the system Bid well calls its distincitve combination of bureaucracy and students looseness.