M. Kemal Atatürk laid the foundations of a truly modern Turkey, a democratic, republican and independent state based on national sovereignty. Although these ideas originated from him and were paramount in the foundation of the new state they remain today an integral part of the republican government of our country. The foundation stone, or perhaps even the very soul of Atatürk's spiritual and intellectual philosophy, was the thought of universal peace and although the biggest part of his life was taken up by war to defend his country, he always considered it a crime. According to Atatürk war can only be just or justified if it is fought out of sheer necessity or for reasons of national defence, or pursued by a people awaiting their sovereignty, their very lives depending on it.To live freely and be independent is both a holy right of the individual and of the nation, this right being stronger than power itself.Only by his own personal conviction was he able to frame the all inspiring guiding principle of the Republic of Turkey "Peace in the country, peace in the world." This principle points with absolute clarity and determination the way forward for the country's future home and foreign policy. From the ideas that Atatürk held the idea of civilization should not be overlooked as it is no less important. In the course of his short life he never ceased repeating the fact that views which are based broadly on regional perspective's of the West or East, or on religious perspective's be they Islam or Christianity often weaken the thoughts of civilization, as they fail to manifest the small or special characteristics. Civilization is something whole and exclusively human, a universal property. It therefore goes without saying, that the share every nation in the world has in civilization is considerable. In the view of this inspired reformer, mankind has a duty to constantly adapt himself to the needs that reason demand. His guide in life should be science. Following on from these basic beliefs Atatirk took it upon himself to provide everyone in the country with an education, at the heart of which lay the creation of citizens having special qualities, or in other words, the sense and direction of the education he wanted to give to the people was very clear in that the Republic needed to produce generations of people whose thinking, beliefs and education were totally free. Not to mention his view of egoism being wholly incompatible with the idea of civilization "Egoism, whether individual or national is to be condemned". He reminds us that all nations of the world form one large family and that whenever a disaster strikes one of its members, then it is felt by the rest like the pain felt from a needle penetrating a part of the body and felt throughout the whole body. With the intention of spreading his ideas within the educational sector, and supported by national campaigns, Kemal continued to put forward his form of humanitarian education, with the aim of producing an enlightened people free from prejudice and intolerance. The desired objective being simply to develop citizens of the world, free from desires such as envy, revenge and conspiracy. In a world inhabited by such communities it might be possible to find an instrument, an organization that stands above individual states, or in other words: "a body of united nations", whose main purpose is to maintain peace. In this respect Atatürk's ideas date from the time between the World Wars, particularly that before World War II but are nevertheless topical because in a way Atatürk had predicted the concept of the United Nations. Furthermore, it was at a time when the ideological battle had reached its climax and for this reason such views were of a prophetic nature. For a man who had set himself the task of building up a country based on the most convincing human achievements and under the banner of reason.In 1932, the League of Nations invited Turkey to become a member. Many of Atatürk's ideas and ideals presaged the principles enshrined in the League of Nations and the United Nations.In recognition of Atatürk's untiring efforts to build peace, the League of Nations paid tribute to him at his death in November 1938 as “a genius international peacemaker". In 1981, on the occasion of the Centennial of his birth, the United Nations and UNESCO honoured the memory of the great Turkish Statesman who abhorred war “Unless the life of the nation faces peril, war is a crime,” and expressed his faith in organized peace " If war were to break out, nations would rush to join their armed forces and national resources. The swiftest and most effective measure is to establish an international organization which would prove to the aggressor that its aggression cannot pay."