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Training in Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS)

“Trained manpower is essential for any organization-public or private. This is because the successful management of function in any organization depends on quality and skill personnel who run it. Training is seen as an important tool to improve quality and skill of the personnel who run it”

-A.M.M. Shawkat Ali


Training is a process of teaching and learning a body of knowledge other related methods of work.
Objectives of Training
To develop the competence of employees and improve their performance for increasing the output of organization.

Type of Training
  • Pre-entry
  • Post-entry
  • On the job and
  • The service training
  • Process of training
  • Need Assessment
  • Formulation
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation
  • Feedback
Major Training institutions
Name of training institutions
Cadres
BPATC
All cadres
BCS training Centre
BCS Administration
Bangladesh Foreign Academy
BCS Foreign
PAT
BCS Police
Bangladesh Directorate Training Academy
BCS Taxation
NAEM
BCS Education
In this regard now I would like to critically assess the role of BPATC in my study

Training of Civil Service at BPATC
It emerged as an autonomous organization in 1984 under ordinance No XXVI by amalgamating:
Bangladesh Administrative Staff College
  • National Institute of Public Administration
  • Civil Officers Training Academy
  • Staff Training Institution
  • Background of BPATC
  • Organization Structure
The centre is headed by director who is a Secretary to the Government of Bangladesh. Immediate below him are five Member Directorate Staffs equivalent to the rank of Joint Secretary to the Government of Bangladesh who are having following divisions:

Management and Public Administration

  • Program and Studies
  • Development Economics
  • Research and Constancy and
  • Project and staff training
Role of BPATC: 
Training program of BPATC is broadly classified into two categories into two:

  • Core courses and
  • Short specialized courses
 Core courses: It includes-
Foundation Training Course (FTC):
Foundation Courses are organized for the new recruits of civil service of Bangladesh. Civil servants of all cadres compulsorily undertake this course for confirmation of their services. Its duration is four months.
Objectives:
  • Build physical and mental fitness of the participants so that they can cope with arduous professional responsibilities.
  • Develop decision making ability
  • Foster esprit de corps among the officers belonging to various cadres
  • Help them acquire skills and techniques of modern management
  • Improve verbal, non-verbal, formal and non-formal and also written communication
The evaluation is made for 1500 marks distributed as flowingly-
Subject
Marks
Written Test
550
Term paper
100
Syndicate/ exercise
300
Book review and oral presentation
100
Field study program
100
BARA/ RDA/ BRDTI evaluation
50
Physical training and games
100
Class attendance
100
Evaluation by course management
100
Total
1500

Training Methodology:
  • Lecture,
  • Assignment,
  • Seminar and Workshop,
  • Study tour,
  • Term paper writing
 FTCs held in the 2010-2011

Si.
Name of course
duration
Target no. of participate
Actual participate
1.46
FTC
30/5/2010-26/9/2010
248
270
2.47
FTC
24/10/2010-20/2/2010
196
240
3.48
FTC
13/11/2010-10/7/2011
230
243
4.49
FTC
3/7/2010-27/11/2011
224
270
Source: Annual report of PSC in 2011
Advanced Course on Administration and Development (ACAD):
It is known as a higher course in administration and development. The mid level civil servant (Deputy Secretaries and their equivalents) takes part in these courses. Advanced course imposes the method, technique and problem of public administration for the socio-economic development.

The duration of this course is 75 days.
Objectives:

  • Explore the role of mid level managers in changing national and global environment
  • Formulate customer focused, gender balanced and environment- friendly development policies, program and strategies
  • Understand the size constitutional provisions relating to governance and administration and financial procedures
  • Use information communication technology
  • Understand and implement poverty alleviation program
  • Training Methodology: Lecture, Practical Exercise, Role play, Panel discussion, Seminar and workshop
Subject Areas and Evaluation:
The evaluation is made for 1000 marks divided among following subject areas-
Subject
Marks
Public Administration
300
Development Economics
300
Skill Development
200
Seminar Paper
100
Evaluation by course administrator
100
Total
100
Training Methodology:
  • Lecture,
  • Assignment,
  • Seminar and Workshop,
  • Study tour,
  • Term paper writing

Si.
Name of course
duration
Target no. of participate
Actual participate
1.72
ACAD
4/7/2010-17/8/2010
32
35
2.73
ACAD
25/7/2010-9/9/2010
28
30
3.74
ACAD
10/10/2010-23/11/2010
21
30
4.75
ACAD
5/12/2010-18/11/2011
23
30
5.76
ACAD
19/12/2010-23/6/11
33
33
6.77
ACAD
3/5/11-16/8/11
21
30
7.78
ACAD
3/7/11-16/8/11
29
30
8.79
ACAD
25/7/11-16/8/11
23
30
9.80
ACAD
11/10/11-24/11/11
30
30
source: Annual report of PSC in 2011
Senior Staff Course (SSC):


The senior staff course is designed and organized for the top level policy makers to the rank of joint secretary to the government and their equivalent officers from public enterprises.
Duration: Two to half months.
Total trainers: 25-30

Objectives
Acquaint the participants with the current concept and issues of national development in order to develop their ability to sharpen problem solving and decision making skill.
Orient the participants with the complex issues of national development.
Provide them opportunity for deeper appreciation of the complex and dynamic socio-culture and politico-economic environment, self analysis and self appreciation in which they work.
Training Methodology: Lectures and discussion, Syndicate/ workshop, Brain storming, seminar paper presentation, computer application and practice.
Subjects for training evaluation: The evaluation is made for 700 marks distributed as following:
Subjects
Marks
Public Administration
200
Development Economics
200
Skill Development
100
Seminar
100
Evaluation by Course Administration
100
Total
700

Training Methodology:

  • Lecture,
  • Assignment,
  • Seminar and Workshop,
  • Study tour,
  • Term paper writing

SSC held in 2010-2011

Si.
Name of course
duration
Target no. of participate
Actual participate
1.46
SSC

29
32
2.47
SSC

21
30
3.48
SSC

26
30
4.49
SSC

27
31
source: Annual report of PSC in 2011

Short specialized courses: In the calendar year2010-2011, the following courses are offered-
1. 30th Training of Trainers Course (ToT) - 15 days
2. Project Management Course (15 days)
3. Financial Management Course (15 days)
4. 10th Human Resource Planning Course (5 days)
5. Environmental Management & Sustainable Development Course (15 days)
6. Modern Office Management Course (15 days)
7. 19th Foundation Refresher Course (5 days)
8. 8th Course on Trade & Aid Negotiation (12 days)
9. 7th Gender & Development Course (5 days)
10. Course on Communicative English (15 days)
11. Course on Information Technology and E-Governance (28 days)
12. 7th Courses on Improving Public Service Through Total Quality Management
13. Refresher Courses on Improving Public Service Through Total Quality Management
14. 1st Course on Disaster Management (5 Days)
15. Pilot Course on ACAD

Others:
 Special Courses:
1. Lunch Time/Dinner Time Training Course -01day
2. 4th Policy, Planning & Management Course (PPMC)-12 days
3. Efficiency Enhancement Course (EEC)- 30 days

Collaborative Courses:
1. Special FTC for Election Commission Officials (60 Days)
2. BEI Course for DS (3 Weeks)
3. Course for ACC Officers & Staffs (12 Days)

Seminars/Workshops/Convention:
1. Seminars
2. Workshops
3. Convention on TQM

Degree of Participation:
There is very much limited participation of the officials into the training program though they come to BPATC for training. The below mentioned survey shows its implication: