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Role and effect of quota system of BCS (Bangladesh Civil Service Commission):

The existing 55% of non merit quota in Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS) violates the Article-29 of our constitution which speaks only about under-privileged group. But quota for women is not included in under-privileged group.
How this unconstitutional process has become hindrance to enhance the efficiency of the Civil Service can be discuss by the following ways-
1. The share of women in public service has more than doubled between 1997 to 2010 but it will be wrong to attribute this to 10 percent quota for women in class 1 posts:
Though the share of women in class I posts increased significantly, it is doubtful whether it could be attributed to quota. Available data suggest that women’s share is much more than what would have been warranted by 10 percent quota. In order to analyze the effects of quota on selection of women for the BCS, the results of three batches of the BCS were examined and the findings of this analysis are presented here-
In the 28st BCS examination, about 19 percent women were recruited on the basis of merit.
The share of women in merit quota increased to 21 percent in the 29th BCS examination.
It was further raised to 24 percent in the 30th BCS examination.

2. The 20 percent district quota has been set considering the population volume of the districts. Candidates of overcrowded districts get the privilege of the district quota, while those of less populated districts are deprived. Government should immediately revoke district quota because it is a discrimination against meritorious candidates.

Actually the district quota is only for show. Lack of transparency has made this process faulty as those districts are being benefited which have been selected by the members of PCS as their favorites. As a result the real suppressed districts are deprived from getting any type of facilities. Not only that most of the time the districts which had been declared earlier during British and Pakistan rule, getting much priorities from the government.

3. The adequacy of freedom fighter quota (30%). The actual recruitment from this category is far less than 30 percent.

4. The present quota is a hindrance for tribal candidates. The quota for tribal population is five percent (5%). It is so low that hardly any post could be earmarked for them unless the number of vacancies is large.

Their priority in the district quota is the lowest; as a result, they would not get jobs even though their performance is better than other quota candidates from the district. Thus the actual recruitment under this quota is much too low compared to the prescribed quota.

5. Just as there is no substitute for democracy in political life, despite its drawbacks in the long run, there is no better system of recruiting personnel on the basis of merit, although this yardstick could also be criticized on this ground.