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Role of Central Personnel Agencies in Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS)

 Executive Body & Constitutional Body 

A central personnel agency may be defined as an organ which deals with personnel functions having government wide implications (Ahmed, S.G, PPAB,1986,p-14)
The public personnel administration in Bangladesh is conducted within a unified framework. The two central personnel agencies (Executive and Constitutional) of government of Bangladesh are Ministry of Public Administration and Public Service Commission (PSC).   
Ministration Chronological Development of Ministry of Public Administration

Period
Name
Time
British Period
Home Development
Upto-1960
Pakistan Period
Service and General Administration Department
1960-1971
Bangladesh Period
Ministry of Cabinet Affairs
1971-1982
Cabinet Secretariat
1976-1982
CMLA Secretariat
Up to-July 1982
Re-establishment of MoE
1982-1983
Ministry of Establishment
1985-2010
Ministry of Public Administration
2011- on wards

Ministry of Public Administration

MoPA plays much the same role in public personnel administration as does the Ministry of Finance (MoF). It is the focal point for all decision pertaining to the recruitment and administration of the generalist administrative cadre service and for many decisions concerning the other cadre services and superior non-cadre personnel including the administrative machinery of government. (Ahmed, S.G., 1986, p-224)

Composition of structure of MoPA 

The composition of MPA can be shown in two ways- Organizational structure and Functional bodies.
Organizational Structure: 

Functional Structure MoPA
  • Administrative Wing
  • Discipline and Law Wing
  • Organization and Management Wing
  • Appointment, Promotion and Deputation Wing
  • Career Planning Wing
  • Regulation Wing

Role of MoPA :

The role of the MoPA may be discussed by grouped into six broad categories-
Personnel regulation- It maintains personnel management of the civil service and formulates necessary policies. These are
  • To formulate policy discuss with PSC
  • To formulate rules and regulation and examine them in maintaining public activities
  • To determine age, educational qualification physical ability discuss with PSC

Recruitment:

Its primary responsibility to lay down the basic recruitment policy. It also ensure that all recruitment are made in accordance with broad constitutional guidelines and establishment rules.

Training:

MoPA does with various training programs for personnel both home and abroad.
  • It controls and guides BPATC
  • It arranges pre-entry training
  • It arranges on the job training

Routine personnel administration:

The MoPA retains considerable control over posting, transfer, deputation, annual assessment advancement, salary, leave and retirement.

Discipline:

General custodian of right and service condition of all civil servants, the establishment division has both legal authority and the machinery to perform if due function in regard to this highly sensitive personnel matter.

Organization and Method
Ministry of Public Administration maintains various functional methods of different public bodies. Those are given bellow-
Formulating coordination principals among different ministries
Ensuring the right of civil servants according to constitutional provisions, rules, and law regulating and statutory orders in force.
Maintaining career based functions of employees
Ensuring administrative management and reform activities
Evaluating various organizations, functions and process of different ministries
Examining organizational and personnel rules of various ministries.
Problems of MoPA
Lack of empirical and people oriented civil service policy
ACR is not evaluated properly by the MoPA
They do not evaluated properly for promotion and transfer
Lack of proper and training centre
Disciplinary action are not taken properly
There is no monitoring cell
There is a conflict between MoPA and PSC because one is constitutional body and other is executive body
Political interference upon the activities of MoPA
Lack of proper supervision and accountability

Public Service Commission
BPSC is a constitutional body established primarily to recruit persons for various posts and services in the government. It also involved in decision process relating to other service matters such as promotion, transfer, posting, discipline and appeal matters of the government servant.

Background
The BPSC is a quasi judicial body established in 1972 under the constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. It works under the provisions of the Article 137-141 of the constitution of Bangladesh and certain other rules and regulation made by the government from time to time.

Objective
To help government to establish an appropriate civil service for the 21st century through selection of capable and efficient officials for the republic would be endowed with high level of integrity and dynamism.

Composition
The BPSC consists of the Commission and Secretariat headed by the chairman. Chairman

Role of BPSC:
The main functions of the BPSC are
  • To conduct tests and examinations for the selection of suitable persons for appointment to the service of the republic;
  • To recommend for promotion from class-111 to class-11and 1 gazette positions;
  • To recommend various policies for transfer and deputation to the MoPA
  • To give opinion in the disciplinary cases drawn against the government servants if referred to the PSC;
  • To regularize the service of the government servants that is required under rules;
  • To recommend in framing the recruitment rules for various government department;
  • To conduct senior scale promotion Examination for BCS cadre officials;
  • To conduct Departmental Examinations for both cadre and non-cadre officials;
  • To conduct various personnel researches in the government service
Problems
  • PSC has lack of sufficient man power;
  • It has lack of financial resources for managing its daily functions;
  • Political interference is the most important problem for its efficient functioning;
  • Chairman and members of PSC are recruited under political consideration;
  • It has lack of proper rules and regulation;
  • Quota system hampering efficient functioning of government activities;
  • Examination system has many defects;