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Development of Public Personnel Management (PPM) in Bangladesh

Public personal administration operates in a milieu of checks and balances. Especially this is a true in a government of a popular and democratic type. Because the personal system in such a government-particularly the system under which civil servants are recruited, the legal status as regards their tenure of employment, their compensation, opportunities for advancement, working conditions is one in which distinct parties have a direct interest; the general public, the government viewed as an employer and the employees.

Ministration Chronological Development of Ministry of Public Administration

British Period
Home Development
Pakistan Period
Service and General Administration Department
Bangladesh Period
Ministry of Cabinet Affairs
Cabinet Secretariat
CMLA Secretariat
Up to-July 1982
Re-establishment of MoE
Ministry of Establishment
Ministry of Public Administration
2011- on wards
Because public personal administration is the administration of the public personnel, an extraordinary interest is taken by the general public in how the government employees are hired, used, disciplined, and rewarded. In particular, the general public is concerned to see that public personnel administration should conform to a system in which all citizens have an equal opportunity to enter the public service and to receive advancement in the service in accordance with proven merit in the discharge of official duties.

The government as an employer in securing an efficient personnel and in efficient personnel and in getting the maximum of work from such personnel for a minimum expenditure. The prime concern is how to design an organizational framework that will facilitate efficient and effective management of public personnel. The Constitution in Bangladesh (now under suspension) provides specifically that Parliament may be law regulate appointments and conditions of service of civil servants, but the President shall be competent to make rules regulating appointments and conditions of service of such persons until provision in that behalf is made by or under any law of Parliaments. Rules so made by the President shall have legal subject to the provisions of any law enacted by Parliament subsequently. It is further provided that every person in the service of Bangladesh shall hold office during the pleasure of the President. It may be noted that the “original” Constitution of Bangladesh (which was adopted in 1972) provided for a parliamentary form of government. Article 48(3) of that Constitution stipulated in clear terms that the President should act in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister in discharging his functions, except for the functions of appointing a prime minister pursuant to article 56(3). Hence, the President under the “original” Constitution was merely a titular head of state. He in effect acted on the advice of the services. The necessary rules regulating recruitment and service conditions of the government servants were also made by the President of the government servants were also made by the President in accordance with advice tendered by the Prime Minister. In other words, although theoretically the civil servants of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. The ultimate powers of control over the services actually lay in the hands of the Prime Minister.

On 25 January 1975, the Constitution was amended to provied for a presidential form of government. Following this amendment, the President now is to be elected by direct election on the basis of universal adult franchise. Previously he was to be elected by the members of Parliament. Also an additional provision has been made in the amended Constitution for a post of Vice-President to be appointed by the President. The executive authority of the government is now entirely vested in the hands of the President. He exercises such authority, either directly or through subordinate officers, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. All executive actions of the government are expressed in his name. He specified by rules the manner in which orders and other instruments made in his name are to be attested or authenticated. He is also duty empowered to make for the allocation and transaction of the business of the government.