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Methods of recruitment to BCS (Bangladesh Civil Service)

Recruitment is done by the following ways:

  • Direct recruitment through competitive examination
  • Appointment by promotion
  • Appointment by transfer or deputation

Recruitment by Preliminary test and written examination

Direct recruitment process in civil service in BD:
Need Assessment
The statutory responsibility of such assessment lies in the MOPA. In MOPA the specific unit responsible for the task is the organization and methods (O & M) wing. This wing invites proposal for vacant posts from 28 ministries or departments or divisions regarding 28 cadre services.

Budget Allocation for recruitment
MOPA shares this function with MOF. It is responsible for making necessary budget allocation for vacant posts.


After getting the order from MOPA, PSC gives advertisement through newspaper and distributes the form through the banks (Sonali Bank). The advertisement thus made provides the following requirements-
  • Number of posts
  • Number of vacancies
  • Age limit
  • Grade of pay
  • Method of recruitment &
  • Requirement of educational qualification and experience

Appendix with the application:

  • At first applicants collect an application form which value 200/-tk.
  • Bank draft of taka 500
  • Attested copy of educational certificates
  • 2 copies of photograph

Screening the application form:

The application forms are sorted and the information has checked and crosschecked.

Preliminary test:

Basically preliminary test is the first stage to check the qualification of candidates for the post. Here the following methods are followed:

Total marks-100
Total time- 1 hour
Question type-MCQ
Question- 100 question, each containing 1 mark and .5 marks will be reduced for every wrong answer from the score.

There is no specific mark to pass in this test. It varies from 50-70 marks according to the number of applicants.


  • General knowledge
  • General Bengali
  • General English
  • General Mathematics
  • General knowledge about BD perspective
  • General knowledge about International perspective

Written test:

Those who will pass the preliminary test should face the written test. This tests contains-
BD Affairs
INT Affairs
General science
Mathematics and Analytical ability
Source: PSC 31st BCS instruction form 2011
 Here pass marks is 50% and the candidates have to get at least 25 marks in each subject.

 Statistics of last three BCS (28-30):

 Selection criteria:

Psychological test and Viva-voice:

It is conducted by a board under the presidency of the chairperson of the commission.
Tidal marks: 200
Pass marks: 40%
Secretary, PSC members, university teachers and other specialist present in the board. A psychologist also present here who observes the candidates and try to find out his inner qualification, personality, and over all activities. After this stage, candidates are selected and according to their merit. PSC indentify those cadres which he or she deserves.

Medical test:

The objective of the test is to see whether the candidates are physically fit for appointment. It conducts the test: Height, Weight, Eyesight, Chest, Pathology test, Pressure, Urine, Blood group etc. So the main selection process may be summarize the following diagram-
1. Preliminary test
2. Written test
3. Psychological test
4. Viva-voice
5. Medical test
6. Selection process
Source: S.A. Haq; Personnel Management