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Human Resources Management (HRM) in Bangladesh Civil Service

In the years of East India Company’s rule, the system of civil services was first established in the Indian Sub Continent. With its slight modification, this system with colonial legacy continued through both in Pakistan and India after partition of the Indian Sub-Continent in 1947, and is designated Bangladesh Civil Service after the emergence of Bangladesh. At the early stage of British rule in India, two exclusive groups of civil servants were working with the central government, such as (a) Covenanted Servants signing an agreement with the East India Company, (b) Uncovenanted Servants not signing the agreement.
The former group generally held more powerful position. In 1886-87 the grouping was abolished, and the civil service was designated as Imperial Civil Service of India, and finally modified to Indian Civil Service (ICS) which was actually referred to the covenanted civil servants. In addition, there were Provincial Civil Service and Subordinate Civil Service with the provincial government. By 1934, the civil service in India consisted of seven All India Services and five Central Departments, which were under the control of the Secretary of State. The authority of controlling ICS and Indian Police Service were transferred from the Secretary of State to the provincial governments, but All India and class I central services were designated as Central Superior Services. With the partition of India in 1947, Pakistan continued using the term of Central Superior Services. Later the Central Superior Service was designated Civil Service of Pakistan and the Police Service of Pakistan. The Central Services also included Pakistan Foreign Service and Pakistan Audit and Accounts Service, Pakistan Military Accounts Service, Pakistan Taxation Service, and the Pakistan Customs and Excise Service etc. Each of these services had its own cadre and composition rules. After the emergence of Bangladesh, the Administrative and Services Reorganization Committee proposed a structure of the country’s civil service. But the proposal didn’t come into light because of a change of government in August 1975. Later the Pay and Services Commission recommended a four tier structure of services with 28 cadres, and the formation of the Senior Services Pool (SSP). Then two high level committees reviewed the cadre system, and abolished the SSP in 1989. In 2000 the total number of cadres in the civil service in Bangladesh stood at 28 (Ali: 2004).