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Specific Risk Factors in Women

The risk in women is mostly due to the shortness of the female urethra, sexual activity of the women called “honeymoon cystitis”, use of contraceptives like women who use diaphragms tend to develop UTIs, use of spermicidal foam or gel (Hooton, 2001), asymptomatic UTIs occur early pregnancy (Macejko and Schaeffer, 2007), both symptomatic and asymptomatic UTIs found during menopause (Raz, 2000). Whereas in young men, UTI is rare unless associated with instrumentation or congenital abnormalities (Goldman, 2001).